More than $1 Trillion is represented either in value creation by the
successes, or in capital squandering by the failures. The human impact has been more
than 400,000 jobs created by the winners, or lost by the basket cases; and
more than 150,000 engineering slots fashioned or vanished.
are consistent from the 1940s into the 2000s, from startups to Fortune 500 firms,
in both new fields and in old ones, and
across a broad range of technology-based enterprises.
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